It has been an open-secret today that almost every line of treatment comes with certain shadowing effects. These effects vary in magnitude but the serious of these “shadow-effects” is directly proportional to the magnitude of line of treatment. For example, it has always been seen that anxiolytics carry a bagful of side-effects that feature drowsiness, sedation, dependance & withdrawal symptoms, nausea, etc. While some of these effects can be coped up with, others have lasting influence that make things really tough for the sufferer.
CBD or Cannabidiol is something which was not a very eminent acquaintance among people. However, as time flew, the word spread at snail’s pace & recently, thanks to major breakthroughs & research, CBD has come up to the surface finally. But as Shakespeare said,”What’s in the name?”, the linkage of CBD with the name Cannabis or Marijuana has made things a bit rough-sided. It is still no less a remarkable feat for it as it has finally got the required appreciation & acclaim for its multiple benefits & influence it carries in relieving multiple ailments. The advantage of CBD over such popular pharmaceutical medicines has indeed made it a preferred option for treatment discussed ahead. But before getting to in-depth description, it is very much essential to know CBD first as an introductory but essential formality.
The history of CBD
CBD or cannabidiol is an extract from Marijuana / Cannabis plant that covers approx. 40% share of the other 100+ extracts found in the plant. It has been associated with mankind for over 4000 years during which it has featured on a come & go basis as history suggests.
CBD has its mention in the Indian Vedas as the “Kind of Fiver Herbs” & also has mention in the Chinese medicinal history. The father of Chinese Medicine Shen Yeng, had immense faith of CBD & he frequently drank tea made with the plant. In his authored text PenTs’au, he made a reference to it as well which is believed to be one of the first mentions of the therapeutic powers of the Cannabis plant.
A probable discovery of the Asian zone, CBD’s benefits have long been debated for as a wonder cure for many ailments. After going almost extinct from mankind, the phytocannabinoid was discovered in 1940 by Dr. Roger Adams & his team at the University of Illinois. It was & still continues to be extracted from the flowers & buds of marijuana or hemp plants. However, they had limit idea on what they had isolated. It was later in proceeding years that Israel’s organic chemist Dr. Raphael Mechoulam not just isolated but also described the chemical structure of CBD, which in turn led to the conclusion that CBD was a non-psychoactive constituent of cannabis. In 1980, Dr. Raphael Mechoulam made another claim based on a study that CBD helps in treatment of epilepsy that concretised CBD as a medical herb.
The various forms of CBD
CBD oil comes in all sorts of forms for consumption based on the type of medication required or prescribed by the physician. Thus, it is gaining popularity because of its availability in various forms for the taking. The various varieties in which CBD is available are as below:
This category is what presents the most common form of CBD in the market. Compared to other categories, tinctures & concentrates feature the purest forms of CBD. Also, some brands add a bit of flavour to it to make it more user-friendly in terms of taste. These tinctures can be taken as drops by placing them under the tongue. The doses may vary between 100 to 1000 mg & solely depends on the user of how much has been prescribed to them.
It is advisable not to swallow it directly but to allow it to dissolve as the drops are taken below the tongue & cheeks. The drops make things messy if they fall here & there so it is necessary to take it with caution.
A confirmed probability of being the most concentrated form of CBD, these concentrates have 10 times more concentration in CBD levels as compared to other forms of CBD. These often come unflavoured & are often known to take users by surprise due to their form as syringe. However, unlike tinctures, they tend to create lesser mess & are also in the good books of those who are prescribed with high dose of it. One negative feature is the fact that it doesn’t come flavoured unlike the usual tinctures available & is hence a bit tough to befriend given the natural flavour of CBD oil.
The usage is same as tinctures & is taken below the tongue & the cheeks for as long as possible to give it time to get ingested.
The easiest means for taking CBD, capsules are an easy way out if people don’t want to go entirely on the tincture or concentrate mode. It contains 10-25 mg of CBD & hence allowed to keep a better track of things on dosage. In case of high dose requirements, people resort to use of tinctures alongside CBD capsules.
CBD is known for its positive influence on the skin in a series of plus points which include UV protection, acne treatment, psoriasis, cancer treatment,anti-aging, etc. Given this, the various forms available in this category are lotions, salve & lip balms. This form is resorted to for relief in skin or joint-related issues.
CBD sprays have the weakest concentration among the different type of CBD products. Typical concentration of CBD sprays ranges between 1-3 mg. However, compared to other type of products taken orally, it’s difficult to keep a track of the dosage a person because sprays are highly inconsistent.
They’re probably preferred as they are easy to carry around and use can be used while on the road
Ailments treated in humans
Having covered the various varieties of CBD it is quintessential to discuss about the various ailments that are treated with CBD associated with it too. These benefits are the ones that make it an active cure for various treatments:
- ANTI-INFLAMMATORY & PAIN RELIEVER
The human body has its own cannabinoid producing system known as the ECS or the Endocannabinoid System. This system regulates various physiological activities that include sleep, appetite, pain & immune system response. The body itself produces Endocannabinoids- neurotransmitters that bind to Cannabinoid receptors in the nervous system. According to the studies, CBD attaches to the CB2 receptors & helps the body to manage pain by unlocking pathways to ease pain. Due to this, it effects & helps relieve neuropathic pain. It also helps in pain during cancer treatment thus relaxing things a bit for the patient.
This in turn has made it a preferred option for athletes & sportsperson apart from the general masses.
- ANXIETY & DEPRESSION
CBD has also been claimed as a means to help manage anxiety by affecting the presence of the serotonin hormone. Researchers are of the view that CBD changes the way the brain’s receptors respond to serotonin- a chemical linked to mental status of anxiety, depression, etc. Low levels of serotonin push people in the arms of various forms of anxiety & depression.
The fact that CBD doesn’t have large-scale side-effects unlike the other anxiolytics is also what keeps it ahead as a preferred means of treatment like drowsiness, agitation, insomnia, headache & so on. Apart from this, certain times, people develop substance abuse & over-dependance as they fall into addiction.
- A PROBABLE FIGHTER AGAINST CANCER
Research has shown that CBD may be helpful in reducing symptoms not just related to cancer but the side effects related to cancer treatment like nausea, vomiting & pain as well.
A study on people experiencing cancer-related pain was done to analyze the effect of CBD & THC on pain alleviation during treatment. It was found that those treated with the extract containing both CBD & THC experienced a significant reduction in pain as compared to those who were treated with only the THC extract. Studies suggest that CBD may also help lower nausea and vomiting (two very common side-effects) during chemotherapy.
Even in vitro & animal studies have shown that CBD may home anti-cancer properties. For example, a test-tube study concluded death in human breast cancer cells with the use of concentrated CBD.
- ACNE REDUCTION & SKIN BENEFITS
Studies have also concluded CBD’s application in topical form helps repair damage due to UV rays & environmental pollutants. This is because of the presence of cannabinoid receptors in the skin which aid in the regulation of oil production in the sebaceous glands. CBD topical products are hence coming into circulation to treat related skin issues like acne, psoriasis & faster healing of damaged skin.
Also, Rick Simpson’s courage to use CBD oil on himself to cure his basal cell carcinoma was very famous which also led to the conclusion that CBD can treat melanoma & carcinoma type cancers.
- NEUROPROTECTIVE PROPERTY
The ability of CBD to pair up with neuroreceptors has a series of benefits that are believed by scientists to provide a major breakthrough in treating neurological disorders among people.
Studies on CBD treating neurological disorders like epilepsy & multiple sclerosis new but the results have been on the positive side.
Sativex, an oral spray consisting of CBD and THC, has been proven safe to reduce muscle spasticity in people with multiple sclerosis. It also helps reduce seizure activity in children affected by Dravet syndrome – a child epilepsy disorder. Also, treatment with CBD has helped improve quality of life & sleep quality for those having Parkinson’s disease.
- EFFECT ON THE HEART
Cannabinoids have a direct effect upon the vascular system. CBD is capable of inducing vasorelaxation, i.e. reduction in the tension of blood vessel walls.
CBD has the ability to not just reduce resting blood pressure but also control it when faced with stress is around. A 2017 research paper published within the journal JCL Insight investigated & concluded the blood pressure-lowering effects of CBD on humans. The results indicated that CBD brought down resting systolic blood pressure (the maximum arterial blood pressure during heart contraction) & reduced stroke volume (volume of blood pumped per beat). These results are important especially given the fact that high blood pressure is a contributing factor to ischaemic heart disease.
- OTHER BENEFITS
CBD, besides the ones talked about earlier,has various other plus points as a treatment cure. With research still under way, CBD is thought to provide the following health benefits:
Antipsychotic effects: Studies suggest that CBD plays a positive role in aiding individuals suffering from schizophrenia & those with other mental disorders by reducing psychotic symptoms.
Anti-tumor effects: CBD has also demonstrated various anti-tumor effects in test-tube & animal studies.
Ailments treated in animals
Americans spend $ 72 bn on pets annually & given this stat, it is clear that medication is also a part of this expense. Not just humans but CBD oil has its effects on animals too. It has indeed been found pawsome for all the sweet pets as it has helped cure their ailments too. The various ways in which CBD oil is beneficial to animals is as below:
CBD has been found to impact anxiety on animals like dogs. For example, dogs suffering from separation anxiety or noise phobias have been successfully treated with CBD.
- Seizures & Epilepsy
Approximately around 5% of dogs suffer from seizures. Most of these dogs with seizures are given drugs names phenobarbital & potassium bromide which help to cure the problem & keep your dog at ease but also induce harm to their liver & other organs. CBD has been found a better way to avoid this side-effect & treat seizures & epilepsy in your petmates.
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Animal studies have shown CBD can prevent colitis & restore normal gut motility thus keeping your pet in a healthy & happy mood.
- Appetite & Nausea
CBD has been seen very helpful to increase appetite in dogs. Thus, if one’s pet isn’t eating properly, a little dose of CBD would help the purpose. Also, CBD has been found helpful in treating vomiting & nausea too.
Relieves Chronic Pain & Arthritis
Even dogs get struck with arthritis, but CBD can help with that. Arthritis leads to inflammation of joints that cause aching, pain & other degenerative illnesses. As CBD is a pain reliever, it targets these aching joints to give your pet some relief.
How does it feel?
Having talked about the various sorts of ailments that CBD treats, it is all the more important to know how it feels too when consumed. Although different forms of CBD are available, yet they have certain responsive reactions by the body too which come as a complimentary during medication. One good thing about CBD is that it treats humans & animals alike & hence it has risen up in the list of a preferred medication avenue in recent times specially for those who want to go the herbal science way.
When used, CBD has the following effects:
1. Better Mood
Though it doesn’t induce any feeling of ‘high’ when consumed, it has been found that CBD betters the mood of the consumer due its impact on the hormone serotonin where it alleviates the negative feeling of depression, thus giving the mind some space to step out of it.
- Improved Sleep
Due to its coordination with the ECS, CBD induces better sleep in users. This leads to better behaviour & energy levels in everyday life given that it helps the consumer with proper sleep.besides, it has also helped in reducing insomnia
- Nausea During Chemotherapy
Since CBS has a tuning with the ECS, post-cancer treatment feelings like nausea,vomiting, etc can be dealt with using CBD as it alleviates the uncomfortable feelings post the therapy.
CBD & its sister products come up with a series of advantages. It has hence grown in popularity with its effects on humans & animals coming to the defence of its purpose despite being a derivative of the cannabis family, thus shaking off the stigma. Ranging from epilepsy to muscle sclerosis, from anxiety to cancer, CBD has proven to be a boon for medical science today. Even, its advantages have led to its legalisation in the UK & the USA given the fact that it was banned earlier.
Given these ailments, however, it is all the more necessary to not start medications on self knowledge & confidence. Sometimes, CBD leads to side-effects too that can range upto damage to the liver. Although these effects are pretty short-term yet, on long-term proceedings, things might go wrong. It is hecne necessary to be very careful of its usage & consulting the physician or the vet whenever the thoughts of using CBD products crosses the mind. However, barring these side-effects,CBD has a lot to offer & hence it has now seen days of recognition for the good it has done. With more research on, there are going to be other ailments too that would be treated using CBD & its derivatives.