The demand for CBD oil is growing, and the reason lies in the fact that it can be used to treat a variety of conditions. It’s therefore not surprising to note that a lot of people would like to know how to make it in the comfort of their homes. Whether they use it to treat ailments like cancer or just use it for skincare, CBD oil has an abundance of benefits to users.
Different Ways of Making CBD Oil
The cannabinoids used in making CBD oil are mostly concentrated in the resin glands of the female flowers of the cannabis plant. The resin glands, also known as trichomes, contain varying degrees of cannabinoids. The level of the content may also differ from one strain of the plant to another. This is important for you to know for a successful extraction process.
The method you use in the extraction of CBD oil increases its potency. As such, with the home-made oil, you can use a small dosage to attain the desired effect at a much lower cost.
It’s a lot safer to derive your CBD oil from hemp plants than other strains of cannabis. This is because
- Hemp plants contain high CBD content and almost negligible amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is a component in cannabis plants, which are responsible for causing the famous high in marijuana users.
- CBD derived from hemp plants is non-psychoactive, meaning it doesn’t cause the euphoric sensation.
The conventional methods of extracting CBD oil are as explained below. Keep in mind that how you handle the extraction process affects the quality and taste of the final product.
The Carrier Oil Method
Among the easiest and safest methods of extracting CBD oil products is to use an oil-based process. When done the right way, it provides a very healthy dose of omega acids as seed oil is used as the carrier.
However, when extracting the oil from home, you can use olive or coconut oils as the carrier. The purpose of the oils is to emulsify the cannabis flower buds in oil since the trichomes are soluble in fats and oils. Hence, natural oils are the most effective in extracting the cannabinoid-filled resin. Additionally, oil-based extraction gets rid of all the potentially poisonous chemical residues in the plant.
The downside of this extraction method is that most of these edible carrier oils don’t last long. You can’t extract large quantities of CBD oil using this method, as storage is an issue of concern. Additionally, the oil you extract through this method is only useful if used as tincture, sprays for under the tongue, or tropical application. Avoid vaping or smoking it, though.
Alcohol-Based Solvents Method
Most people prefer to use this approach, especially those who do it in small-scale production. The process is relatively cheap and straightforward, and the tools required are also easy to acquire. Unfortunately, the oil extracted is hardly ever pure as the solvent carriers come with some potential risk of explosion.
Through the process, all the benefits of CBD are tampered with, and unhealthy components are added to the oil by the solvents. Other impurities present in the oil are not entirely cleansed. Instead, all the therapeutic properties of the plant get destroyed in the process.
The process is also quite dangerous and calls for a certain level of experience for successful completion. The solvents used include rice alcohol, butane, hexane, isopropyl alcohol, or ethanol.
Super- or Sub-Critical CO2 Method
This method is the safest and produces the highest-quality CBD oil. It’s more scientific, and a lot more care is taken to ensure the extraction is done in a protective environment. The method uses very high or very low temperatures in a highly controlled environment to preserve and maintain the integrity and purity of the cannabinoids.
On the flip side, this method isn’t very suitable for small-scale producers as it’s expensive and complicated. The process takes a long time to complete and calls for a massive investment in finding the perfect technique. The high temperatures involved in the extraction process can destroy the components in the cannabis plants.
How to Make CBD Oil at Home
From the above conventional methods of CBD oil extraction, it’s clear that the technique you can use at home is the oil-based process. While you may use hemp seed oil, there are more advantages in using MCT oil, also known as liquid fractionated coconut oil. It comes with the benefit of increasing the bioavailability of the CBD oil.
You may also use butter or olive oil for extraction. The choice depends on your preference as well as the taste you’d like for the final product.
Things you’ll need:
- 16 ounces of carrier oil
- Hemp flower tops
- Baking sheet
- Double boiler
- Cheesecloth or nut milk bag
- Herb grinder
- Storage glass jar with lid
Step 1: Choosing the Carrier Oil
As earlier mentioned, you have several choices when it comes to the carrier oil. Any edible plant-based oil will do an excellent job. However, for the best results, consider using fractionated coconut (MCT) oil or hemp seed oil. You can also use olive oil, which tends to be more readily available and has a mild taste.
Step 2: Preparing the Hemp Flowers
For the best results, look for the best strain of the hemp plant. This is the only way to ensure your end product is as pure as it can be. Some of the best strains of hemp available include:
- Charlotte’s web, which is the most popular strain across the world containing about 20% CBD.
- ACDC, which is mostly used for recreational purposes. Although it offers a high after use, it’s an excellent choice for the treatment of migraines, inflammation, and anxiety.
- Harle Tsu is a strain endowed with potent pain relief properties. Although it’s a mild strain, it contains high amounts of CBD and negligible THC content, hence, safe for first-time users.
- Harlequin, just like ACDC, has a high content of CBD and is excellent for the treatment of mental disorders related to anxiety.
Once you obtain the strains, use the grinder to grind the hemp flowers to get a fine mass.
Instead of a grinder, you can use a knife for this purpose as long as you don’t cut the flowers into tiny pieces. If you can get even mass, it’ll be easier to get maximum extraction from the plant.
Step 3: Decarb the Hemp Mass
This is the step where the inactive CBD is converted into its active form through decarboxylation. For large-scale producers, high-tech equipment is available for use in this process. For home-based production, you can take advantage of time and constant low heat to achieve the desired effect.
The process will also help in retaining the essential terpenes.
Spread the ground hemp on a baking plate and bake at 225°F for sixty minutes. Make sure that the baked flowers are crisp and that they attain a light brown color.
Step 4: Mix in Oil
After baking, you now have the decarboxylated hemp. Next, mix it in the edible oil you chose in step one in your double boiler equipment. Place it in a larger container containing water and heat it at no more than 300°F as too much heat will make the terpenes evaporate.
Maintain the heat on simmer and continue for another 2 to 3 hours as you keep stirring. Ensure to check the color changes every half hour as it must turn to a brownish-green hue.
Step 5: Straining the Oil
Once the water cools down, remove the bowl that contains the cannabis emulsified in oil. Use the cheesecloth or filter to screen the oil into a glass jar or bottle. Your choice of storage container depends on how much CBD oil you intend to store.
Squeeze the cheesecloth well to get as much oil as you can from the hemp. Seal your container and throw away the strained hemp. Remember to keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use to add to its longevity.
If you wish to use the oil as a tincture, strain the oil into little dropper bottles for more comfortable use. If you use it for tropical purposes, you can mix it with your lotion or cream. Alternatively, infuse it in food items during the preparation stage if that’s the method of administration you prefer.
The demand for CBD oil is on the increase because of its wide range of applications. From treating inflammation to reducing the impact of cancer and other terminal illnesses, there’s just so much the product can do for users. Instead of buying CBD oil from stores, you can make it from the comfort of your home.
The process takes a few hours to complete, and when done the right way, you end up with the best-quality oil that won’t cost you much. However, if making the oil at home sounds like too much work, always buy the best brands from reputable sellers. You can buy locally or place an order online.